who was ashoka

Ashoka was the third ruler of the Maurya Dynasty and ruled almost the entire Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232 BCE. His command on the Mauryan army started growing day by day. He is largely credited for spreading Buddhism in many parts of the world. He efficiently managed a centralized government from the Mauryan capital at Pataliputra. Owing to his benevolent nature as a ruler, he was given the title ‘Devanampriya Priyadarshi’. The grandson of the founder of the Maurya Dynasty, Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka promoted the spread of Buddhism across ancient Asia. He also sent dignitaries all over his empire to propagate his ideals of Dhamma based on Buddhist philosophy. Ashoka was the third ruler of the illustrious Maurya dynasty and was one of the most powerful kings of the Indian subcontinent in ancient times. Ashoka attempted to resolve differences among the Buddhists – as the Christian emperor Constantine would among the Christians – but conflicts among the Buddhists remained and would grow. Instead, it resulted from his embrace of Buddhism and the messages of tolerance and nonviolence that he spread throughout the sprawling empire. He was the grandson of the great Chandragupta Maurya, the founder emperor of the Maurya Dynasty. According to one pillar, the ministers provided medicine and hospitals for both men and animals. Ashoka was the third ruler of the illustrious Maurya dynasty and was one of the most powerful kings of the Indian subcontinent in ancient times. He encouraged his subjects to report to him their concerns regarding the welfare of the administration at all times no matter where he is or what he is doing. Each province was granted partial autonomy at the hand of a crown prince who was responsible for controlling the overall law enforcement, but the emperor himself retained much of the financial and administrative controls. On his orders, the whole of province was plundered, cities were destroyed and thousands of people were killed. However, the moment Ashoka reached the province, the militias welcomed him with open arms and the uprising came to an end without any fight. His name means "He who is loved by the Gods and who is friendly to everyone".Ashoka is often cited as one of India's greatest emperors. Buddhist literatures describe Ashoka as a cruel, ruthless and bad-tempered ruler. Following Bindusara’s death in 272 B.C., Ashoka attacked Pataliputra, defeated and killed all his brothers, including Sushima. It was in Ujjain that Asoka first came to know about the life and teachings of Buddha. The overall judicial and administration were overseen by Amatyas or civil servants whose functions were clearly delineated by the Emperor. As for my own children, I desire that they may be provided with all the welfare and happiness of this world and of the next, so do I desire for all men as well.”. After his death, Ashoka’s merciful style of governance waned along with the Mauryan Empire itself. Privacy Policy. He had several half-brothers and sisters from his father’s other wife. Other edicts exhorted citizens to generosity, piety, justice, and mercy. His missionaries went to the below mentioned places - Seleucid Empire (Middle Asia), Egypt, Macedonia, Cyrene (Libya), and Epirus (Greece and Albania). 1. His vigorous patronage of Buddhism during his reign (c. 265–238 bce; also given as c. 273–232 bce) furthered the expansion of that religion throughout India. We pioneered the field of social entrepreneurship and are now building toward an "Everyone A Changemaker" world: where all of us have the confidence and support to contribute to the common good. His coronation took place four years after his ascent to throne. Ashoka’s elder brothers became jealous of him and they assumed him being favoured by King Bindusara as his successor to the throne. 8. In the following year, Bindusura became seriously ill and was literally on his deathbed. In addition to his edicts, Ashoka built stupas, monasteries, and other religious structures at noteworthy Buddhist sites, such as Sarnath. Ashoka , also known as Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232 BCE. The excuse given was to subdue a revolt by the citizens of Takshashila. King Bindusara’s eldest son Sushima convinced his father to send Ashoka far away from the capital city of Pataliputra to Takshashila province. He sent missionaries to far of places to propagate the ideals of Buddhism and inspire people to live by the teachings of Lord Buddha. Ashoka also remains the only king in history to give up war after winning one. He welcomed all religions as they desire self-control and purity of heart. Asoka quickly grew into an excellent warrior. Ashoka personally led the conquest and secured victory. One of his stupas, the Great Sanchi Stupa, has been declared as a World Heritage Site by UNECSO. Ashoka and his high ministers took occasional tours through the kingdom to check on the welfare of the people and see how his edicts were being fulfilled. At one of Buddhism's most revered pilgrimage sites, a National Geographic archaeologist's team has uncovered evidence that the Buddha lived in the sixth century B.C., much earlier than some scholars had believed. Ashoka shared his new outlook on life through edicts carved into stones and pillars located around the country at pilgrimage sites and along busy trade routes. Ashoka’s reign is comparatively well documented. 7. The Akshapataladhyaksha was in charge of currency and accounts of the entire administration. Samrat Ashoka Married His First Wife Devi When He was 18 When Ashoka turned 18, Samrat Bindusar made him the viceroy of Avanti, a region in Ujjain. He wrote that he was “deeply pained by the killing, dying, and deportation that take place when an unconquered country is conquered.” Thereafter, Ashoka renounced military conquest and other forms of violence, including cruelty to animals. His father was Bindusara (Vindusar), who was widely considered to be a good ruler of the kingdom. Although Ashoka built his empire on the principles of non-violence, he followed the instructions outlined in the Arthashastra for the characters of the Perfect King. Ashoka The Great The greatest ruler known to Indian history is Ashoka The Great. Buddhist Emperor Asoka built thousands of Stupas and Viharas for Buddhist followers. 3. Sushima was nominated successor by the king but his autocratic nature made him unfavourable among the ministers. The excavation at Lumbini, Nepal, long identified as the birthplace of the Buddha, revealed a previously unknown timber shrine once stood there, it's walls mirroring more recent brick temples. Much like Cyrus in Persia, Ashoka adopted and promoted a policy of respect and tolerance for people of different faiths. These provincial heads were altered from time to time to prevent any one of them exerting power over a long period of time. Ashoka and his glorious rule is associated with one of the most prosperous time in the history of India and as a tribute to his non-partisan philosophies, the Dharma Chakra adorning the Ashok stambh has been made a part of the Indian National Flag. Ashoka Maurya (Sanskrit: अशोक मौर्य; 304–232 BCE, commonly known as Ashoka or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from circa 269 BCE to 232 BCE. His kingdom stretched from Pakistan and Afghanistan in the west to Bangaldesh and Assam in the east, and as far as Kerala and Andhra Pradesh in the East. He reportedly dispatched emissaries to several countries, including Syria and Greece, and he sent his own children as missionaries to Sri Lanka. Before we find out what was written in these inscriptions, let us see why his kingdom was called an empire. Ashoka was born to Mauryan King Bindusara and his queen Devi Dharma in 304 B.C. bce, India), last major emperor in the Mauryan dynasty of India. Even the slaughter or mutilation of animals was abolished in his kingdom. Ashoka is the grandson of Samrat Chandragupta Maurya. He introduced legal reforms like Danda Samahara and Vyavahara Samahara, clearly pointing out to his subjects the way of life that is to be led by them. Ashoka was the third emperor of the Mauryan dynasty. It was a way of life, outlined in a code of conduct and a set of principles that he encouraged his subjects to adopt to lead a peaceful and prosperous life. His reign between 273 BC and 232 B.C. The morning after the victory he went out to survey the states of things and encountered nothing except burnt houses and scattered corpses. Alongside Anakin, she grew from headstrong student into a mature leader. This Buddhist temple was built by the Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC, at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, India. After his death, his empire lasted just fifty more years. Copyright © CulturalIndia.net   All Rights Reserved. This proves that Karuwaki was an influential queen. No living being were to be slaughtered or sacrificed. Join us in shaping this more resilient, inclusive, equitable future. Emperor Bindusara called back Ashoka from exile and sent him to Ujjain. To be prepared to sacrifice one's own pleasure for the well-being of the subjects, 4. He was not an unworldly ruler, however. He became a patron of Buddhism, supporting the rise of the doctrine across India. 4. That human toll took a tremendous emotional toll on Ashoka. Ashoka and Devi had two children, son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra. India - India - Ashoka and his successors: Bindusara was succeeded by his son Ashoka, either directly in 272 bce or, after an interregnum of four years, in 268 bce (some historians say c. 265 bce). Inspectors reported back to the emperor. His kingdom was divided into Pradesha or provinces which were subdivided into Vishyas or subdivisions and Janapadas, which were further subdivided into villages.The five chief provinces under Ashoka’s reign were the Uttarapatha(Northern Province) with its capital at Taxila; Avantiratha (western province) with its headquarters at Ujjain; Prachyapatha (eastern province) with its centre at Toshali and the Dakshinapatha (southern province) with its capital as Suvarnagiri. He became a benevolent king, driving his administration to make a just and bountiful environment for his subjects. Ashoka launched an assault to conquer Kalinga during 265 B.C. Ashoka is commonly eulogized in Indian history textbooks as a great emperor and a pacifist. The victory left him with a larger domain than that of any of his predecessors. One should always respect one’s parents, priests and monks. Monks to tour the empire every five years teaching the principles of dharma to the common people. The emperor was at the helm of the administration following the established model put forward by Mauryan Kings before Ashoka. Ahsoka Tano, nicknamed Snips by her master, was a Force-sensitive Togruta female from the planet Shili who was trained as a Jedi apprentice during the Clone Wars, the conflict between the Galactic Republic and the Confederacy of Independent Systems. Ahsoka Tano is a character in the Star Wars franchise. Some of these are listed as follows: After ruling over the Indian subcontinent for a period of approximately 40 years, the Great Emperor Asoka left for the holy abode in 232 BC. Ashoka went to Kalinga, where he met a fisherwoman named Kaurwaki. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Asoka quickly grew into an excellent warrior general and an astute statesman. After all one of the primary objectives of a government is … Dharma (alternatively known as Subhadrangi or Janapadkalyani) was the daughter of a Brahmin priest from the kindom of Champa, and was assigned relatively low position in the royal household owing to politics therein. By virtue of his mother’s position, Ashoka also received a low position among the princes. The third council of Buddhism was held under the patronage of Emperor Ashoka. 2. He ruled India with pakistan, bangladesh, Afghanistan etc and It is said that if he had not stopped after Kalinga War and continued fighting then he could rule the whole earth. His reign slipped into the realm of legend, until archaeologists translated his edicts two millennia later. Considered by many to be one of India's greatest emperors, Ashoka expanded Chandragupta's empire to reign over a realm stretching from present-day Afghanistan in the west to Bangladeshin the east. A current television serial is adding to the legend. Asoka’s reign saw introduction of a large number of benevolent policies as compared to his predecessors. In 265 BCE after witnessing the devastation of his own attack on the Kalinga region, he converted from being a brutal conqueror of a vast empire to a benevolent emperor who successfully ruled according … Eight years after seizing power around 270 B.C., Ashoka led a military campaign to conquer Kalinga, a coastal kingdom in east-central India. No king could reach the level of what ashok reached. His inscriptions were in the people's language, Prakrit, in the Brahmi script. World's Earliest Buddhist Structure Uncovered, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/people/reference/ashoka.html. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The emblem of the Republic of India has been adapted from the Lion Capital of Ashoka. Dharma was neither a new religion nor a new political philosophy. Emperor surmised that glory and fame count for nothing if people do not respect the dharma. was one of the most prosperous periods in the history of India. Reverence for the dharma and a proper attitude towards teachers was considered better than marriage or other worldly celebrations, by the Emperor. He also supported the Vibhajjavada sub-school of the Sthaviravada sect, now known as the Pali Theravada. He did this after observing the violence in the Kalinga war. Chandragupta Maurya’s grandson Ashoka (Aśoka) (ca 304–233 B.C.) Based on these 10 principles preached by Lord Buddha, Ashoka dictated the practice of Dharma that became the backbone of his philanthropic and tolerant administration. The most important members of this advisory council included the Yuvaraj (Crown Prince), the Mahamantri (Prime Minister), the Senapati (general), and the Purohita (priest). As a Buddhist emperor, Ashoka believed that Buddhism is beneficial for all human beings, as well as animals and plants, so he built a number of stupas, Sangharama, viharas, chaitya, and residences for Buddhist monks all over South Asia and Central Asia. The administration conducted regular census along with other information as caste and occupation. Right from his childhood days Ashoka showed great promise in the field of weaponry skills as well as academics. After a number of military conquests, he reigned over much of present-day India. He followed the directives of Brahmin Buddhist gurus Radhaswami and Manjushri and started propagating Buddhist principles throughout his kingdom. The caste system ceased to exist in his eyes and he treated all his subjects as equals. The emperor employed a network of spies who offered him tactical advantages in diplomatic matters. Irrigation expanded agriculture. In the beginning, Ashoka ruled the empire like his grandfather did, in an efficient but cruel way. He was given military training and responsibility for maintain… He had only one younger sibling, Vithashoka, but, several elder half-brothers. Ashoka preached that conquest by the dhamma is superior to conquest by force but if conquest by force is carried out, it should be 'forbearance and light punishment'. He got these 14 edicts engraved in stone pillars and slabs and had them placed at strategic places around his kingdom. For example, an edict near modern-day Kandahar in Afghanistan, an area that had been under Alexander the Great’s control for a period of time, is written in Greek and Aramaic. At the same time, each and every person was given the rights to freedom, tolerance, and equality. But her destiny laid along a different path than the Jedi. Ashoka the Great (c. 304–232 BCE) was the emperor of India's Maurya Dynasty from 268 to 232 BCE and is remembered for his remarkable conversion to nonviolence and his merciful reign. His reign between 273 BC and 232 B.C. Yet his remarkable transformation of the kingdom came not through the intense violence that marked his early reign. Ashoka was the most famous Mauryan ruler. He undertook the propagation of these philosophies through publication of 14 edicts that he spread out throughout his empire. Throughout his life, 'Asoka the Great' followed the policy of non-violence or ahimsa. Introduced as the Jedi Padawan of Anakin Skywalker, she is a protagonist of the 2008 animated film Star Wars: The Clone Wars and the subsequent television series.Ahsoka reappears in Star Wars Rebels, where she uses the codename Fulcrum, and as a voiceover cameo in Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker. It covered the entir… 9. Soon, the province of Ujjain started witnessing a violent uprising. The Sitadhyaksha was in charge of agriculture. He annexed the whole of Southern India except Ceylon (modern day Sri Lanka). The 14 edicts were written so that people might act in accordance with them. Ashoka made Buddhism the state religion around 260 B.C. Ahsoka Tano was voiced by Ashley Eckstein in the Star Wars: The Clone Wars television series and film, as well as in the following Star Wars Rebels television series.Early in The Clone Wars' development, Ahsoka was named Ashla, a reference to an early name for the light side of the Force when George Lucas was developing Star Wars, and later canonized as the Lasat name of the Force. Ashoka’s empire consisted most of India, South Asia and beyond, stretching from present day Afghanistan and parts of Persia in the west, to Bengal and Assam in the east, and Mysore in the south. Ashoka, also known as ‘Ashoka the Great’, was the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire and one of the greatest emperors of India who ruled almost the entire Indian subcontinent. Buddhist literature document Ashoka as a cruel and ruthless monarch who underwent a change of heart after experiencing a particularly gruesome war, the Battle of Kalinga. He was the son of the Emperor Bindusara and one of his queens named Dharma. It is said that for the first few years of his emperorship, Ashoka was a cruel and brutal ruler. This particular success of Asoka made his elder brothers, especially Susima, more insecure. He also expressed his indebtedness to his subjects for bestowing with their love and respect, and that he considered it his duty to serve for their greater good. Ashoka ruled the largest ever in the Indian subcontinent and one of the world’s largest empires at that time. He used military strength in order to expand the empire and created sadistic rules against criminals. A monarchy that rules from 320 B.C.E.- 185 BC. The only kingdom outside his grasp was Kalinga which is the modern day Orissa. He promoted the concept of vegetarianism. He encouraged his subjects to give to monks, Brahmans and to the needy. Ashoka, also spelled Aśoka, (died 238? One edict declared, “All men are my children. Ashoka was greatly supported and lead by the famous man Chanakya, also known by Kautilya. After he became the empperor, Ashoka launched brutal assaults to expand his empire, which lasted for around eight years. They are enumerated as: 3. He appointed several Pativedakas or reporters, who would report to him the general and public affairs, leading the king to take necessary steps. He was the first ruler known to take his message amongst people through inscriptions. He considered giving the dharma to others is the best gift anyone can have. Ashoka reigned for 36 years (268 B.C.E - 232 B.C.E). With his name literally meaning ‘the one without sorrow’, Ashoka is perhaps the most popular emperor of ancient India whose has attained a … Ashoka is a living encyclopedia of social innovation across the globe. He vowed never to practice violence again and devoted himself completely to Buddhism. His mother was Empress Subhadrangī, a Hindu Brahmin. took the Mauryan Empire to its greatest geographical extent and its full height of power. … was one of the most prosperous periods in the history of India. Let's have a look at his life history, empire, rule, administration and Dhamma. Under ashoka the Mauryan army started growing day by day. The greatest ruler India ever had. The Akaradhyaksha was in-charge of mining and other metallurgical endeavours. They were not carved in Sanskrit—the official state language—but in local dialects, so that the messages could be widely understood. Ashoka has a place in world history too. Kaurwaki Later Converted to Buddhism Ashoka was the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya who founded the Mauryan dynasty. 6. In the final years of his reign, Ashoka withdrew from public life, and … Ashoka’s father Bindusara, impressed with his skill and knowledge, appointed him as the Governer of Avanti. Emperor Ashoka is credited with remaking the Mauyran Dynasty from a war machine into a society of tolerance and nonviolence, based on Buddhism. The edicts are considered among the first examples of writing in Indian history. The Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath has a four-lion capital, which was later adopted as the national emblem of the modern Indian republic. To respect public opinion to promote peace and harmony. Ahsoka Tano, a Togruta female, was the Padawan learner to Anakin Skywalker and a hero of the Clone Wars. He was closely assisted in his administrative duties by his younger brother, Vithashoka and a group of trusted ministers, whom Ashoka consulted before adopting any new administrative policy. Ashoka was one of the greatest rulers known to history and on his instructions inscriptions were carved on pillars, as well as on rock surfaces. 10. His kingdom stretched from Iran-Afghanistan borders in the West to Burma in the east. Ashoka (or Asoka) was India’s great emperor of the Mauryan Dynasty of India who ruled from 268-232 BC. 265 B.C. to several countries, including Sushima, Vithashoka, but several! Only kingdom outside his grasp was Kalinga which is the best gift anyone can.... Other wife favoured by king Bindusara ’ s Hell, a Togruta female, was Padawan., LLC campaign to conquer Kalinga during 265 B.C. managed a centralized government from the war! The helm of the modern day Orissa the Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to bce... 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